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  • Multiple Sclerosis; Research has been affected by the Pandemic but there has been Positive Progress

    Multiple Sclerosis; Research has been affected by the Pandemic but there has been Positive Progress

    17 January, 2021

    There have been positive scientific breakthroughs that provide new hope for millions of people living with multiple sclerosis. MS is a chronic condition that affects an estimated 2.5 million people worldwide.

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  • The New COVID-19 Variant B.1.1.7 or Variant of Concern (VOC)  Explained

    The New COVID-19 Variant B.1.1.7 or Variant of Concern (VOC) Explained

    10 January, 2021

    According to the New and Emerging Respiratory Virus Threats Advisory Group (NERVTAG) the new variant, which has two names, B.1.1.7 or VUI 202012/01, is 71% more transmissible than any other variant. In the meantime, Public Health England (PHE) has made life a little easier for us and simply called the variant VOC (Variant of Concern).

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  • Chemotherapy drugs from Brassicas and Yew Trees!

    Chemotherapy drugs from Brassicas and Yew Trees!

    12 December, 2020

    Chemotherapy. Plant metabolites have a huge range of biological functions and more than 60% of drugs with anti-cancer activity are derived from plants. More recently the brassica family has been an area of strong scientific enquiry.

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  • PM 2.5 levels & Air Pollution & Our Health

    PM 2.5 levels & Air Pollution & Our Health

    8 December, 2020

    This week in the UK there was a landmark legal case that identified air pollution as a cause of death. On a global basis in the capital city of Mongolia, Ulan Bator, in 2018, a government-installed sensor reported a PM2.5 per cubic meter rate of 3,320 μg/m3 in Ulan Bator. The World Health Organization (WHO) level is 10 μg/m3.

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  • mRNA Vaccines can be Developed Quickly, are Easily Adaptive and Cost Effective

    mRNA Vaccines can be Developed Quickly, are Easily Adaptive and Cost Effective

    1 December, 2020

    mRNA vaccine production is simple and laboratory based, can be easily adapted and is more cost effective, which are important considerations for a global pandemic. mRNA vaccines contain the instructions for making the viral protein instead of the protein itself. Critically, as time is of the essence, mRNA vaccines can be developed and manufactured quickly once the genome of a virus has been sequenced.

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  • mRNA Vaccines and the Logistics of Distribution

    mRNA Vaccines and the Logistics of Distribution

    21 November, 2020

    Most vaccines are refrigerated at around 2-8°C but Pfizer’s vaccine, which uses messenger RNA, has vastly different requirements. Messenger RNA (or mRNA) vaccines have never been used before but unfortunately they are not thermostable.

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  • Can White Fat be Turned into Brown Fat which Burns Energy?

    Can White Fat be Turned into Brown Fat which Burns Energy?

    15 November, 2020

    It has recently been discovered that gene editing can transform the fat that we store in our bodies from white fat to brown or beige fat. Most of the fat we store is white fat and its function is simply to store energy whereas brown/beige burns energy.

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  • The Shoulder Joint & the Rotator Cuff

    The Shoulder Joint & the Rotator Cuff

    8 November, 2020

    The shoulder has an optimum kinematic (meaning the property of motion) lifespan of roughly 40 years. After this point in time we begin to see degenerative changes. The key anatomical issue with ageing in the shoulder is typically the rotator cuff.

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